The overall scenario of media outlets in the country is almost similar to the other African nations here. The media outlets are largely dominated by the government. But there are some private initiatives are also available here to cater the needs of the common people. The mainstream media outlets are formed with the participation of newspapers, television channels, and radio stations. There are some online platforms are also available in the country but those are not accessible for everyone as the use of the internet is not so much prevalent here. So, people largely rely on different types of media outlets except for the online ones.
Earlier a French territory, the media freedom is not available here to the fullest extent in Togo. The media outlets are strongly under government supervision. Though the government has its own media outlets, it has a control over the other types of media for many reasons. It is often termed that the media outlets are responsible for creating anarchy across the country by publishing or broadcasting falsified news and information. To prevent such situations in the country, the government has adopted the initiative. Only those reports and news are published which are not harmful to the state. And if such issues are exposed, the outlets are to suffer different troubles like defamation case and other legal measures.
The rate of literacy in the country is not standard. And so, it has reduced the number of readership for the newspapers. Accordingly, the newspapers are not published across the country. Those are only available in the major cities and urban areas. Many of the people consider reading newspapers as a luxury. They mostly prefer to use their radio know about the happenings instantly. Thereby, radio has become the primary source of information to the local people in the country. And the radio stations also have a wide variety of shows and programs to attract attention from all quarters of audiences.
The newspapers and the other types of media outlets apply a couple of languages for their broadcast and publications. The government has adopted two African languages for official use. The application of the English language is not so prevalent. Rather, the media outlets use their local dialects to broadcast and publish news and information. Only a few of them have their interest in using the English for this purpose. The number of the English readers is also fewer. So, the application of English is not a major concern for the media outlets. Rather, the use of the French language is best suited for this purpose.
Significant changes take place in the newspapers each year. In fact, the editorial bodies are changed for reasons like political pressure or for financial stress. This is a type of instability for the press in the country which results in flawed publication and broadcasting. When the expert people take off their hands from the publication and broadcasting contents, the contents become almost unable to draw attention from the public. This is a great setback for the nation in developing the press.
The country has a single newspaper. And the newspaper is not available every day. There are some other periodicals are also available which contain a good number of interesting news and information. The publications in the country mostly apply the French language and have their respective audiences. But they always follow some rules and responsibilities, particularly the self-censorship. They are aware of the matter and so do not publish any such information which hampers the peace of the country.
There are five radio stations are operating so far in the country. They have covered the entire nation and have a wide number of shows and events to entertain the people. Radio is the primary source of information for the people in the country. The popularity of radio has climbed up for some reasons and the rate of illiteracy among the adults is one of them. the radio stations use several languages to broadcast their programs.
Five television stations are running in Togo. The television stations are mostly available in the city areas. They a good number of contents to entertain the people. They broadcast their contents using the French and some local dialects. They have their respective group of the audience as well like the other types of media. Hence, the contents are arranged accordingly.
The use of the internet is not so much prevalent in the country. Only some elite people have their access to the internet and they browse different websites to meet their respective needs.